Afro-Caribbean or African Caribbean are Caribbean people whose ancestors were taken from Africa via the trans-Atlantic slave trade to the Caribbean Islands between the 15th and 19th centuries to work primarily on various sugar plantations and in domestic households.
The term Afro-Caribbean was not coined by West Indians themselves but was first used by Americans in the late s. Although most Afro-Caribbean people today live in French - English - and Spanish -speaking Caribbean nations and territories, there are also significant diaspora populations throughout the Western world —especially in the United StatesCanadaGreat BritainFranceand the Netherlands.
Both the home and diaspora populations have produced a number of individuals who have had a notable influence on modern Western, Caribbean, and African societies; they include political activists such as Marcus Garvey and C.
During the post-Columbian era, the archipelagos and islands of the Caribbean were the first sites of African diaspora dispersal in the western Atlantic. He returned inbut did not settle. In the early 16th century, more Africans began to enter the population of the Spanish Caribbean colonies, sometimes arriving as free men of mixed ancestry or as indentured servants, but increasingly as enslaved workers and servants. This increasing demand for African labour in the Caribbean was in part the result of massive depopulation of the native Taino and other indigenous peoples caused by the new infectious diseasesharsh conditions, and warfare brought by European colonists.
By the midth century, the slave trade from West Africa to the Caribbean was so profitable that Francis Drake and John Hawkins were prepared to engage in piracy as well as break Spanish colonial laws, in order to forcibly transport approximately enslaved people from Sierra Leone to San Domingo modern-day Haiti and Dominican Republic.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, European colonial development in the Caribbean became increasingly reliant on plantation slavery to cultivate Steve Le Postla - Bulbul - 6 process the lucrative commodity crop of sugarcane. On many islands shortly before the end of the 18th century, the enslaved Afro-Caribbeans greatly outnumbered their European masters.
In addition, there developed a class of free people of colorespecially in the French islands, where persons of mixed race were given certain rights. Inspired by French revolutionary sentiments that at one point freed the slaves, Toussaint L'Ouverture and Jean Jacques Dessalines led the Haitian Revolution that gained the independence of Haiti inthe Three Babies - Sinéad OConnor - I Do Not Want What I Havent Got (Special Edition) Afro-Caribbean Lærvarium - Semefo - Lærvarium in the Western Hemisphere.
InHaiti, with its overwhelmingly African population and leadership, became the second nation in the Americas to win independence from a European state. During the 19th century, continuous waves of rebellion, such as the Baptist Killer Bee - Singles 3led by Sam Sharpe in Jamaica, created the conditions for the incremental abolition of slavery in the region by various colonial powers.
Great Britain abolished slavery in its holdings in Cuba was the last island to be emancipated, when Spain abolished slavery in its colonies. During the 20th century, Afro-Caribbean people, who were a majority in many Caribbean societies, began to assert their cultural, economic, and political rights with Jamaica Running - BlackNoire!
- Flashback 1.1 vigor on the world stage. In the s, the West Indian territories were given their political independence from British colonial rule. They were pre-eminent in creating new cultural forms such as reggae musiccalypso and rastafarianism within the Caribbean.
Beyond the region, a developing Afro-Caribbean diaspora in the United States, including such figures as Stokely Carmichael and DJ Kool Hercwas influential in the development of the Black Power movement of the s and the hip-hop movement of the s. African-Caribbean individuals also contributed to cultural developments in Europe, as evidenced Jamaica Running - BlackNoire! - Flashback 1.1 influential theorists such as Frantz Fanon  and Stuart Hall.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Afro-Caribbean. Racial or ethnic group in Rage To Kill - Cryptic Slaughter - Convicted Caribbean with African ancestry.
Afro-Caribbean store in KilkennyIreland. Main article: Afro-Caribbean history. Main page: Category:Afro-Caribbean culture. Central Statistical Office. Archived from the original Jamaica Running - BlackNoire! - Flashback 1.1 on 19 October Retrieved 5 March Based on "records for 27, voyages that set out to obtain slaves for the Americas".
Stephen Behrendt New York: Basic Civitas Books. Westport, Conn. Afro-Caribbean Territorial evolution. Category Portal. African diaspora. Brazil Kalunga Macombo Quilombo.
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