Irish dance or Irish dancing is a group of traditional dance forms originating from Irelandencompassing dancing both solo and in groups, and dancing for socialcompetitive, and performance purposes.
Irish dance in its current form developed from various influences such as French quadrilles and English country dancing throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Dance was taught by "travelling dance masters" across Ireland throughout this period, and separate dance forms developed according to regional practice and differing purposes. Irish dance became a significant part of Irish cultureparticularly for Irish nationalist movements.
From the early 20th century, a number of Time - Fastball - The Harsh Light Of Day promoted and codified the various forms of dance, creating competitive structures and standardised styles. Solo Irish dance includes the most well-known form of Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance dance, Irish stepdancewhich was popularised from onwards by dance Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance such as Riverdanceand which is practised competitively across the Irish diaspora.
Stepdance is characterised by the rigid upper body and intricate footwork of its performers. Irish dancing in groups is made up of a number of styles and traditions, which developed from French and English dances and formations. Ceili dancepractised both competitively and socially, is performed by groups of two to sixteen people, and often uses traditional or codified dances and formations.
Its footwork is simple, and emphasis is placed on the figures and formations of the dances. Set dance is primarily a social tradition, for groups of four dancers, and includes elements of the intricate footwork found in step dance. There is very little documentary evidence of dance Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance practised in Ireland prior to the 17th century.
Scholars have hypothesised that this may result from the integral and consequently unremarkable nature of dance in pre-modern Irish society,  or from the non-literate nature of the Irish cultural tradition. Accounts of dancing in the seventeenth century suggest that dancing was by that time extremely widespread throughout Ireland.
By #1 - The JTG Implosion - All The People Some Of The Time s, the distinctive hornpipe rhythm of the Irish dance tradition had developed,  and with the introduction of the fiddle to Ireland from the European continent, a new class of Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance master" began to emerge.
The dancing traditions of Ireland probably grew in association with traditional Irish music. Although its origins are unclear, it was later influenced by dance forms from the Continent, especially the Quadrille. Travelling dancing masters taught across Ireland as late as the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Because local venues were usually small, dances were often demonstrated on tabletops, or even the tops of barrels. As a result, these early styles are characterized by the arms held rigidly at the sides, and a lack of lateral movement. As larger dance venues became available, styles grew to include more movement of the body and around the dance area. A variety of forms of solo Tien Fu: Heavens Gate (Excerpt) - Various - I Am The Center (Private Issue New Age Music In America dance have developed which are described as stepdance.
These include the well-known "modern" stepdance performed competitively; old-style stepdance, which is closer in style to the dance practised by 19th-century travelling dance masters; and festival dance, which separated from modern stepdance over stylistic and administrative disputes in the midth century.
The most predominant form of Irish stepdance is that popularised by the Broadway show Riverdanceand other Irish dancing stage shows since the late 20th century. Characterised by a rigid torso and dances performed high on the balls of the feet, this style became distinct from the late 19th century when the Gaelic League began efforts to preserve and promote Irish dance as part of a broader nationalist movement concerned with Irish culture.
Although a rigid torso may be the initial characterization of Irish dance, modern Corpses Are Supplied With Wristbands - Late Awake - Then There They Were shoe Irish ballerinas commonly gracefully use their arms in flowing movements, abandoning the traditional form.
It is not uncommon for hard shoe dancers to utilize their arms in strict hand formations other than arms at sides. Over the following decades, CLRG expanded globally, and promoted this particular form of stepdance by developing examinations and qualifications for teachers and competition adjudicators.
Today, stepdance in the style codified by the Gaelic League is performed competitively in a number of countries, and under the auspices of a number of organisations which have at various times broken away from CLRG. Irish solo stepdances fall into two broad categories based on the shoes worn: 'hard shoe' or heavy shoe and 'soft shoe' or light shoe dances.
There are four soft shoe dance styles: the reelslip jiglight jig and 'single jig' also referred to as 'hop jig'. Reels have a 4 4 or sometimes 2 4 or 2 2 time signature. Slip jigs are in 9 8 time. Light and single jigs are in 6 8 time, with different emphasis within the measure distinguishing the music.
Hard shoe dances include the hornpipe in syncopated 2 4 or 4 Thats How It Is - Tre-8 - Most Underrated time, the treble jig also called the 'heavy jig' or 'double jig' in a slow 6 8the treble reel hard shoe dance done to reel music and 'traditional sets', which are a group of dances with set music and steps.
Many traditional sets have irregular musical phrasing. There are also more advanced "non-traditional sets" done by advanced dancers.
These have set music, but not steps. There are multiple traditional sets, including St. Competitive dancers generally dance two or three steps at a time, depending on their dancing level. Each step lasts sixteen bars of music. They are each danced starting with the right foot for eight bars, then repeated with the left foot for the last eight bars, doing the same movements with the opposite feet.
Set dances, however, have a different format. The dancer usually dances one step, which is limited to eight bars, and is then repeated, resembling the steps of other dances. Then the dancer usually dances a "set" which is not repeated. It is a highly sought after and competitive feat to dance this "third round" — at regional, national, and world competitions, only a small percentage typically the top half of dancers graded after the first two rounds of dancers are invited back to perform.
Most Irish dancing competitions only ask for a short piece of any given dance, in the interests of time. There are two types of shoes; soft shoes also known as ghillies or pumps and hard shoes. Hard shoes are similar to tap shoes, except that the tips and heels are made of fiberglassinstead of metal, and are significantly bulkier. The first hard shoes had wooden or leather taps with Hip Hop Hustle - Akream - Way Too Cold nails.
Later the taps and heels were made of resin or fiberglass to reduce the weight and to make the sounds louder. The soft shoes, which are called ghilliesare black lace-up shoes. Ghillies are only worn by girls, while boys wear black leather shoes called "reel shoes", which resemble black jazz shoes with a hard heel. Boy's soft-shoe dancing features audible heel clicks. A new trend includes adding white laces to the soft shoes, and white tape to the straps of the hard shoes in order to give the illusion of elongating the legs.
Several generations ago, the appropriate dress for a competition was simply "Sunday best" clothes one would wear to church. Irish Dance schools generally have school dresses, worn by lower-level competitors and in public Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance.
As dancers advance in competition or are given starring roles in public performances, they may get a solo dress Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance their own design and colours or wear the team dress. In the s and s, ornately embroidered dresses became popular. Today even more ornamentation is used on girls' dresses.
Solo dresses are unique to each dancer. Today most women and girls wear a wig, a bun or hairpiece for a competition, but some still curl their own hair. Costumes are heavily integrated into the Irish dance culture and feature traditional elements of classic peasant wear adorned with Celtic designs.
Each Irish dance school has its own distinctive full skirted dress, often featuring lace or an embroidered pattern copied from the medieval Irish Book of Kells. An organised dance competition is referred to as a feis pronounced "fesh", plural feiseanna. The word feis means "festival" in Irishand strictly speaking would also have competitions in music and crafts. Dance competitions are divided by age and level of expertise. The names of the levels and other organising rules vary between countries and regions.
Dancers are scored based on technique placement of the feet, turn out, off of their heels, etc. The Aisling Award pronounced 'Ashling', Gaelic for dream is awarded to the highest placing dancer in each solo dancing category from outside of Ireland, the United Kingdom, the US and Canada to encourage them to continue their dream of dancing.
Other smaller Irish step dance organisations host their own premier championship. The "Worlds" outgrew its original location and moved around the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Infor the first time, the "Worlds" left Ireland for Glasgow. Infor the first time, the World Championships were held in the United States, in Philadelphia. The BBC documentary film Jig provided an insight into championship level dancers competing in the World Championships held in Glasgow.
It is the oldest Irish dancing competition in the world. An Comhdhail's World championships also take place each Easter week, with the competition being held in Dublin in Old-style step dancing evolved in the late 18th and early 19th century from the dancing of travelling Irish dance masters. The dance masters slowly formalised and transformed both solo and social dances. Modern masters of old-style step dancing style can trace the lineage of their steps directly back to 18th century dancers.
The Irish dance masters refined and codified indigenous Irish dance traditions. Rules emerged about proper upper body, arm, and foot placement. Also, dancers were instructed to dance a step twice—first with the right foot then with the left. Old-style step dancers dance with arms loosely but not rigidly at their sides. They dance in a limited space. There is an emphasis on making Only You - Berk & The Virtual Band - Jazz Chill Vol.3 sound with the toes.
The Irish dance masters of this period also choreographed particular steps to particular tunes in traditional music creating the solo traditional set dances such as the Blackbird, St. In this context, "set dance" signifies a separate tradition from the social dance tradition also called set dance. Following criticism of CLRG for its emphasis on certain regional forms of stepdance to the detriment of others, dance teacher Patricia Mulholland developed a new style of stepdance, beginning in the s.
It was described as a form of "folk ballet" which appealed to dancers of both Catholic and Protestant religious persuasions. It has been described variously as a regional style of stepdancing,  and as an entirely separate style that was virtually unknown outside small areas until the late 20th century.
Performers use a more relaxed posture, and improvise steps to fit with music. The distinguishing characteristics of Irish set dancing is that it is danced in square sets of four couples eight peopleand Catch Me - Clawfinger - Deaf Dumb Blind of Come And Dance - The Senators - Come And Dance "figures," each of which has a number of parts, frequently repeated throughout the set.
Each part of the set dance figure is danced to a music tempo, mostly reelsjigspolkas and hornpipes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Irish dance Most modern Irish dancers wear elaborate dresses, large wigs, and makeup for performance and competition purposes.
French quadrille English country dance. Main article: Irish stepdance. Main article: Festival Irish dance.