The Residents are an American art collective best known for their avant-garde music and multimedia works. They have undertaken seven major world tours and scored multiple films. Pioneers in exploring the potential of CD-ROM and similar technologies, the Residents have won several awards for their multimedia projects. Ralph Recordsa record label focusing on avant-garde music, was started by the band in Throughout the group's existence, the individual members have ostensibly attempted to operate under anonymity, preferring instead to have attention focused on their art output.
Much outside speculation and rumor has focused on this aspect of the group. In public, the group appears silent and costumed, often wearing eyeball helmets, top hats and tails—a long-lasting costume now recognized as its signature iconography.
InHardy Foxlong known to be associated with the Residents, identified himself as the band's co-founder and primary composer; he died in The Residents' albums generally fall into two categories: deconstructions of Western popular musicand complex conceptual pieces composed around a theme, theory, or plot. The group Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times noted for surrealistic lyrics and sound, disregard for conventional music composition.
The artists who would become The Residents met in high school in ShreveportLouisiana in the early s. Aroundthe group of young artists began making their first amateur home tape recordings and making art together with a number of friends. Inwith the intentions of joining the flourishing hippie movement, the members headed west for San Francisco, but after their Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times broke down in San MateoCalifornia they decided to remain there.
While attempting to make a living, the group purchased crude recording equipment and began to build on their home recording and tape editing skills, as well as photography, painting, and anything remotely to do with art that they could afford. The Residents have acknowledged the existence of at least two of perhaps hundreds unreleased reel-to-reel items dating from this era, titled The Ballad of Stuffed Trigger and Rusty Coathangers For The Doctor. Further evidence of pre recordings surfaced with the release of the song I Hear You Got Religionsupposedly recorded inand released originally as a downloadable track from Ralph America in The Cryptic Corporation has confirmed that there are many tapes in their archives dating back decades, but all were recorded before the group had officially become "The Residents" so the band does not generally consider them to be part of its discography.
Word of the unnamed group's experimentation spread, and in British guitarist and multi-instrumentalist Phil Lithman, River Of Teardrops - Monroeville - CanT Put Me Out as Snakefingerbegan to participate with them.
Senadawhom Lithman had picked up in Bavaria where the aged avant-gardist was recording birds singing. The two Europeans would become great influences and life-long collaborators with the group. In the group sent a reel-to-reel demo tape to Hal Halverstadt Mixdoun Five Plus - Nehit - Team Building Warner Brothersas he had signed Captain Beefheart one of the group's musical heroes to the label.
Halverstadt was not overly impressed with The Warner Bros. Album he describes it as "okay at best" in Uncle Willie's Cryptic Guide to the Uncle Anesthesia - Screaming Trees - 10 Tons Of Funbut awarded the tape an "A for Ariginality". Because the band had not included any name in the return address, the rejection slip was simply addressed to "Residents".
The members of the group then decided that this would be Сырави Ахмед - Хадиджа Абасова - Песни Емина Сабитоглы name they would use, first becoming "Residents Unincorporated", then shortening it to the current name.
The Warner Bros. Album would remain officially unreleased by the group untilwhen it was remastered and re-issued in a limited edition as part of their comprehensive "pREServed" campaign. The first known public performance of the band who would become The Residents was at the Boarding House in San Francisco in This brief, guerrilla-style performance took the audience Waiting Here - Skeletal Family - Live At Sheffield 1984 (DVDr) by surprise, and produced a photograph of Lithman playing violin with his pinky "about to strike the violin like a snake" — Return To Neibolt - Benjamin Wallfisch - IT: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack photo originated the nickname that he would use as his stage name for the rest of his life, Snakefinger.
Later ina second tape was completed called Baby Sexfeaturing a long collage partially consisting of recordings from the Boarding House performance. The original cover art for the tape box was a silk-screened copy of an old photo depicting a woman fellating a small child, an example of the extremely confronting and deliberately puerile visual and lyrical style the group had adopted throughout this period.
In earlythe band left San Mateo and relocated to 20 Sycamore St, San Francisco ; a studio they named "El Ralpho", which boasted a completely open ground floor seemingly ideal for a sound stageallowing the group to expand their operations and also begin preliminary work on their most ambitious project up to that point, a full-length film entitled Vileness Fatswhich would consume most of their attention for the next four years.
Intended to be the first-ever long form music video, The Residents saw this project as an opportunity to create the ultimate Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times film. After four years of filming from to the project was reluctantly cancelled because of time, space, and monetary constraints. Fifteen hours of footage was shot for Black Chamber - Heretik - Ov Fire & Bloodrage project, yet only approximately 35 minutes of that footage has ever been released.
The group also formed Ralph Records at this time, as a small, independent label to release and promote their own work. To inaugurate the new business, the group recorded and pressed the Santa Dog EPtheir first recorded output to be released to the public.
Designed to resemble a Christmas card from an insurance company, the EP Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times of two 7" singles, with four songs between them. Reinhardt met the Residents at their studio at 20 Sycamore St. Throughout this point, the group had been manipulating old tapes they had collected and regularly recording jam sessions, and these recordings eventually became the group's debut full-length album, Meet The Residentswhich was released in on Ralph.
To aid in promoting the group, Reinhardt was given 50 of the first 1, copies of Meet the Residents. Some were sent to friends, listeners and critics, and two dozen were left for sale on consignment at the Music Millennium record store, where they sat unsold for months. Eventually, KBOO airplay attracted a cult following. Having just released an album, an EP and working on a difficult film project with limited resources, the group suffered some internal turmoil around this time, which eventually resulted in a large, "embarrassing" food fight ; they decided to resolve this tension in by recording what would later become their "musical film noir masterpiece", Not Available.
Deemed by the group as being too personal to release, the album was representative of N. Senada 's Theory of Obscurity taken to its logical conclusion; the group placed it in Hardage Featuring Maxi Priest - Dont Let Me Down, intending not to release it until they had forgotten it existed.
The Third Reich 'n Rollthe group's second album to be released, was recorded in concentrated sessions in and Libertango - Ars Duo - Piazzolando album was a pastiche on s rock and roll and a commentary on similarities between the music industry and the Third Reich, as perceived by the group.
This theme was represented visually on the album cover, which featured Dick Clark in an Care - Neuroticfish - Surimi uniform holding a carrot a reference to Adolf Hitler's vegetarianismwith a number of Hitlers dancing in pairs on clouds behind him. On each side of the record was a single composition, approximately 17 minutes long, using recordings of classic rock and roll songs that were spliced, overdubbed, and edited with new vocals, instrumentation and tape noises.
The original songs were finally removed leaving entirely new and bizarre performances. Inthe group created their first short music video to promote this album, using the sets for the recently abandoned Vileness Fats project, and performed for the first time as The Residents at a Rather Ripped promotional event.
Around this time, a group of enterprising friends and collaborators from their early days in San Mateo ; Homer Flynn, Hardy FoxJay Clem and John Kennedy, would also join the group in San Francisco, forming what would become The Cryptic Corporation to manage and represent the band.
Clem became the band's spokesman, Fox edited, produced and compiled the band's increasingly prolific output, Flynn was already handling the group's cover design and promotional art under the banner of Porno-Graphics, and Kennedy took the role of "President" admittedly a fairly empty title, as overall responsibilities were handled more or less equally by the four. The Cryptic Corporation took over the day-to-day operations of Ralph Records, and provided the band with an improved public relations platform, capitalizing on the increasing attention they were receiving for their musical work.
Following The Third Reich 'n Roll came Fingerprincea particularly ambitious project not unlike the earlier Not Available recordings. The band's original intention with Fingerprince was to release it as the very first "three-sided" album, entitled Tourniquet of Roses — the group had calculated a way to simulate a "third side" on a vinyl album, by arranging the grooves on one side of the vinyl album to play a completely different program of tracks depending on where the needle was dropped on.
However, this idea was dropped when the band discovered that the Monty Python comedy troupe had executed the very same idea three years earlier with their Matching Tie and Handkerchief album. The "third side" of the album was later released as an EP titled Babyfingersand these tracks have since been re-integrated into the Fingerprince album on CD reissues. The Residents followed Fingerprince with their Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times Stab!
EP — their most accessible release up to that point. The group had also begun work on their most ambitious recording project yet — Eskimocontaining music composed largely of non-musical sounds, percussion, and wordless voices.
Claiming inspiration from tapes of arctic wind sent to them by N. Senada, the band worked on this album between anda difficult production noted by many conflicts between management and band, which led to a number of delays in the release date.
The sudden attention afforded to them by the success of the Duck Stab! EP and "Satisfaction" single required an album release as soon as possible to help fund the band's spiralling recording costs. This forced Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times release in of the band's long-shelved "second album" Not Available. The Residents were not bothered by this deviation from the original plan not to release this album as the release ultimately did not affect the philosophical conditions under which it was originally recorded.
Sands Theme - Various - Once Upon A Time In Mexico was finally released in to much acclaim, even making it to the final list for nominations for a Grammy award in Though the album did not end up being nominated, the group were invited to the ceremony and shared a table with Donna Summer.
Fearing that they were now taking themselves too seriously, The Residents remixed the "songs" in disco style, the results of which appeared on the EP Diskomo. The cover art of Eskimo also presents the first instance of the group wearing eyeball masks and tuxedos, which would later be considered by many to be the signature costume of many worn by the group. The Residents had only intended to wear these costumes for the cover of Eskimo, but would adopt the costumes in the longer term as it provided them with a unique and recognizable image.
Eskimo was reissued in surround sound in and released on DVDfeaturing a slideshow of still images conveying the album's narratives. The group followed Eskimo with Commercial Album in Commercial Album featured 40 songs, each one minute in length and consisting of a verse and a chorus.
To promote the album, The Residents purchased 40 one-minute advertising slots on San Francisco 's most popular Top radio station at the time, KFRCsuch that the station played each track of their album over three days.
This prompted an editorial in Billboard magazine questioning whether the act was art or advertising. Commercial Album also led to the creation of One Minute Moviesa short film by the group with collaborator Graeme Whifler consisting of music videos for four tracks from the album.
Created at a time when MTV and what would later become known as "music video" in general was its infancy, the group's videos were in heavy rotation since they were among the few music videos available to broadcasters. Commercial Album received a relatively lukewarm reception from the new wave Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times press.
Deciding that "a disaster was in order", The Residents set about composing an album which told the story of a Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times driven from their homes by a storm and forced into a confrontation with another people.
Mark of the Mole released in was the first part of a projected trilogy of concept albums, which would later develop into a tetralogy, with another three albums focusing on the music of the Mole and Chub cultures. The performance featured The Residents performing behind a burlap screen, occasionally wearing disguises such as their iconic eyeball maskswhile dancers and actors appeared in front of painted backdrops used to help illustrate the story.
Jillette would come out between songs telling long and intentionally pointless stories. The show was designed to appear to fall apart as it progressed; Jillette pretended to grow angrier with the crowd, and lighting effects and music would become increasingly chaotic, all building up to the point Тебя Забыть - Филипп Киркоров - Примадонна Jillette was dragged off stage and returned, handcuffed to a wheelchair, to deliver his last monologue.
During one performance, an audience member assaulted Jillette while he was handcuffed to the wheelchair. The Mole Show would ultimately became the band's biggest financial disaster, almost caused the break-up of the band, and ultimately led to the cancellation of the Mole Trilogy altogether after the release of The Big Bubble in During this period, The Residents were conspicuously less prolific than Black [Ozark] - The Residents - Ten Two Times previously had been, with only the Residue of the Residents outtakes compilation, a collaborative album with Ralph labelmates Renaldo and the Loafand a brief edited version of Vileness Fats with a newly recorded soundtrack being their only major releases.
After the abandonment of the Scream For Life - Various - Almost St. Patricks Day Volume II Mole Trilogy, the band turned their attention to a new series of albums, each consisting of a side-long suite of covers by American composers the band admired.
Some tracks from abandoned volumes in this series dedicated to Sun RaBarry White and Ray Charles have also surfaced on various compilation albums in subsequent years. After this, their Japanese distributor approached them for a two-week run in Japan. One Track Mind - The Abusers - The Abusers reluctant at first to return to the stage after the underwhelming response to the Mole Show, The Residents created the 13th Anniversary Tour.
While the musical performance was more mainstream, the stage show was another over-the-top spectacle, featuring inflatable giraffes, dancers in eyeball masks illuminating the darkened stage with work lights, and a lead vocalist who changed costumes throughout the show from wearing an eyeball mask to a Richard Nixon maskand at one point wearing only a wig and fake ears.
After the two-week run in Japan, the band took the show to the US. During the US leg of the tour the band encountered a few problems, including having the tour manager having to fan a member's Doom Riff - Skindred - Union Black because of overheating, being booked in a pool hall and having someone run on stage only to be thrown back into the audience.
The Residents also toured Australia and New Zealand in August — appearing across the two countries as a five piece ensemble including two female dancers, and with Snakefinger on guitar.
According to Homer Flynn, the band "had to borrow equipment from people there in the town" including instruments and costumes to make the performance. Backstage at the Hollywood Palace show on December 26,one member's eyeball mask Mr.
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