The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneousthe different elements Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot together" Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot a common culture, or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural backgrounds, possessing the potential to create disharmony within the previous culture. Historically, it is often used to describe the Assez Vif Trèz Rythmé - Debussy*, Ravel*, Nuovo Quartetto - String Quartets integration of immigrants to the United States.
The melting-together metaphor was in use by the s. The desirability of assimilation and the melting pot model has been reconsidered by proponents Rakkaus On Sairautta - Kohu-63 - Lisää Verta Historiaan multiculturalism  who have suggested alternative metaphors to describe the current American society, such as a mosaicsalad bowlor kaleidoscopein which different cultures mix, but remain distinct in some aspects.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the metaphor of a " crucible " or "smelting pot" was used to describe the fusion of different nationalities, ethnicities and cultures. It was used together with concepts of the United States as an ideal republic and a " city upon a hill " or new promised land. While "melting" was in common use the exact term "melting pot" came into general usage inafter the premiere of the play The Melting Pot by Israel Zangwill. The first use in American literature of the concept of immigrants "melting" into the receiving culture are found in the writings of J.
Hector St. John de Crevecoeur. In his Letters from an American Farmer Crevecoeur writes, in response to his own question, "What then is the American, this new man? He becomes an American by being received in the broad lap of our great Alma Mater. Here individuals of all nations are melted into a new race of men, whose labors and posterity will one day cause great changes in the world.
What, then, is the American, this new man? He is either an European or the descendant of an European; hence that strange mixture of blood, which you will find in no other country. I could point out to you Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot family whose grandfather was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch, whose son married a French woman, and whose present four sons have now four wives of different nations. He is an American, who, leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced, the new government he obeys, and the new rank he holds The Americans were once scattered all over Europe; here they are incorporated into one of the finest systems of population which has ever appeared.
InRalph Waldo Emersonalluding to the development of European civilization out of the medieval Dark Ageswrote in his private journal of America as the Utopian product of a culturally and racially mixed " smelting pot", but only in were his remarks first published.
In his writing, Emerson explicitly welcomed the racial intermixing of whites and non-whites, a highly controversial view during his lifetime.
The fusing process goes on as in a blast-furnace ; one generation, a single year even—transforms the English, the German, the Irish emigrant into an American. Uniform institutions, ideas, language, the influence of Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot majority, bring us soon to a similar complexion; the individuality of the immigrant, almost even his traits of race and religion, fuse down in the democratic alembic like chips of brass thrown into the melting pot.
Inhistorian Frederick Jackson Turner also used the metaphor of immigrants melting into one American culture. In his essay The Significance of the Frontier in American Historyhe referred to the "composite nationality" of the American people, arguing that the frontier had functioned as a " crucible " Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot "the immigrants were Americanized, liberated and fused into a mixed race, English in neither nationality nor characteristics".
In his travel narrative The American SceneHenry James discusses cultural intermixing in New York City as a "fusion, as of elements in solution in a vast hot pot".
The exact term "melting pot" came into general usage in the United States after it was used as a metaphor describing a fusion of nationalities, cultures and ethnicities in the play of the same name Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot , first performed in Washington, D. Understand that America is God's Crucible, the great Melting-Pot where all the races of Europe are melting and re-forming!
Here you stand, good folk, think I, when I see them at Ellis Island, here you stand in your fifty groups, your fifty languages, and histories, and your fifty blood hatreds and rivalries. But you won't be long like that, brothers, for these are the fires of God you've come to—these are fires of God. A fig for your feuds and vendettas! God is making the American. In The Melting PotIsrael Zangwill combined a romantic denouement with an utopian celebration of complete cultural intermixing.
Vera is an idealistic settlement house worker and David is a composer struggling to create an "American symphony" to celebrate his adopted homeland. Together they manage to overcome the old world animosities that threaten to separate them. But then David discovers that Vera is the daughter of the Tsarist officer who directed the pogrom that forced him to flee Russia.
Horrified, he breaks up with her, betraying his belief in the possibility of transcending religious and ethnic animosities. However, unlike Shakespeare's tragedy, there is a happy ending. At the end of the Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot the lovers are reconciled. There she lies, the great Melting-Pot—Listen! Can't you hear the roaring and the bubbling?
There gapes her mouth, the harbor where a thousand mammoth feeders come from the ends of the world to pour in their human freight". David foresees how the American melting pot will make the nation's immigrants transcend their old animosities and differences Saving All My Love For You - Whitney* - The Greatest Hits will fuse them into one people: "Here shall they all unite Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot build the Republic of Man and the Kingdom of God.
Ah, Vera, what is the glory of Rome and Jerusalem where all nations and races come to worship and look back, compared with the glory of America, where all races and nations come to labour and look forward! Zangwill thus combined the metaphor of the "crucible" or "melting pot" with a celebration of the United States as an ideal republic and a new Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot land.
The prophetic words of his Jewish protagonist against the backdrop of the Statue of Liberty allude to Emma Lazarus 's famous poem The New Colossuswhich celebrated the statue as a symbol of American democracy and its identity as an immigrant nation.
Zangwill concludes his play by wishing, "Peace, peace, to all ye unborn millions, fated to fill this giant continent—the God of our children give you Peace.
In terms of immigrants to the United Statesthe "melting pot" process has been equated with Americanizationthat is, cultural assimilation and acculturation. The "melting pot" metaphor implies both a melting of cultures and intermarriage of ethnicitiesyet cultural assimilation or acculturation can also occur without intermarriage.
Thus African-Americans are fully culturally integrated into American culture and institutions. Yet more than a century after the abolition of slavery, intermarriage between African-Americans and other ethnicities is much less common than between different white ethnicities, or between white and Asian ethnicities. Intermarriage between whites and non-whites, and especially African-Americans, was a taboo in the United States for a long time, and was illegal in many US states Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot anti-miscegenation laws until The melting pot theory of ethnic relations, which sees American identity as centered upon the acculturation or assimilation and the intermarriage of white immigrant groups, has been analyzed by the emerging academic field of whiteness studies.
This discipline examines the " social construction of whiteness" and highlights the changing ways in which whiteness has been normative to American national identity from the 17th to the 20th century. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, European immigration to the United States became increasingly diverse and increased substantially in numbers.
Beginning in the s, large numbers of Southern and Eastern European immigrant groups such as the ItaliansJewsand Poles arrived. Many returned to Europe but those who remained merged into the cultural melting pot, adopting American lifestyles. Hostility forced them into "Chinatowns" or ethnic enclaves in the larger cities, where they lived a culture apart and seldom assimilated.
The acquisition of Hawaii inwith full citizenship for the residents of all races, greatly increased the Asian American population. In the early 20th century, the meaning of the recently popularized concept of the melting pot was subject to ongoing debate which centered on the issue of immigration. The debate surrounding the concept of the melting pot centered on how immigration impacted American society and on how immigrants should be approached.
The melting pot was equated with either the acculturation or the total assimilation of European immigrants, and the debate centered on the differences between these two ways of approaching immigration: "Was the idea to melt down the Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot and then pour the resulting, formless liquid into the preexisting cultural and social molds modeled on Anglo-Protestants like Henry Ford and Woodrow Wilsonor was the idea instead that everyone, Mayflower descendants and Sicilians, Ashkenazi and Slovaks, would act chemically upon each other so that all would be changed, and a new compound would emerge?
Nativists wanted to severely restrict access to the melting pot. They felt that far too many "undesirables," or in their view, culturally inferior immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe had already arrived. The compromises that were reached in a series of immigration laws in the s established the principle that the number of new arrivals should be small, and, apart from family reunification, the inflow of new immigrants should match the ethnic profile of the nation as it existed at that time.
Intermarriage between Euro-American men and Native American women has been common since colonial days. In the 21st century some 7. The mixing of whites and blacks, resulting in multiracial children, for which the term " miscegenation " was coined inwas a taboo, and most whites opposed marriages between whites and blacks.
In many states, marriage between whites and non-whites was even prohibited by state law through anti-miscegenation laws. As a result, two kinds of "mixture talk" developed:. As the new word—miscegenation—became associated with black-white mixing, a preoccupation of the years after Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot Civil War, the residual European immigrant aspect of the question of [ethnoracial mixture] came to be more than ever a thing apart, discussed all the more easily without any reference to the African-American aspect of the question.
This separation of mixture talk into two discourses facilitated, and was in turn reinforced by, the process Matthew Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot Jacobson has detailed whereby European immigrant groups became less ambiguously white and more definitely "not black". By the early 21st century, many white Americans celebrated the impact of African-American culture, especially in sports and music.
Marriages between white Americans and African-Americans were still problematic in both communities. Israel Zangwill saw this coming in the early 20th century: "However scrupulously and justifiably America avoids intermarriage with the negro, the comic spirit cannot fail to note spiritual miscegenation which, while clothing, commercializing, and Christianizing the ex-African, has given ' rag-time ' and the sex-dances that go with it, first to white America and then to the whole white world.
White Americans long regarded some elements Dreams (Come Alive) - Tim Dillinger - Love Is On My Mind African-American culture quintessentially "American", while at the same time treating African Americans as second-class citizens.
White appropriation, stereotyping and mimicking of black culture played an important role in the construction of an urban popular culture in which European immigrants could express themselves as Americans, through such traditions as blackfaceminstrel shows and later in jazz and in early Hollywood cinema, notably in The Jazz Singer Analyzing the "racial masquerade" that was involved in creation of a white "melting pot" culture through the stereotyping and imitation of black and other non-white cultures in the early 20th century, historian Michael Rogin has commented: "Repudiating s nativism, these films [Rogin discusses The Jazz SingerOld San FranciscoWhoopee!
Unlike other racially stigmatized groups, white immigrants can put on and take off their mask of difference. But the freedom promised immigrants to make themselves over points to the vacancy, the violence, the deception, and the melancholy at the core of American self-fashioning". Since World War II, the idea of the melting pot has become more racially inclusive in the United States, gradually extending also to acceptance of marriage between whites and non-whites.
This trend towards greater acceptance of ethnic and racial minorities was evident in popular culture in the combat films of World War II, starting with Bataan This film celebrated solidarity and cooperation between Americans of all races and ethnicities through the depiction of a multiracial American unit. At the time blacks and Japanese in the armed forces were still segregated, while Chinese and Indians were in integrated units.
Historian Richard Slotkin sees Bataan and the combat genre that sprang from it as the source of the "melting pot platoon", a cinematic and cultural convention symbolizing in the s "an American community that did not yet exist", and thus presenting an implicit protest against racial segregation.
Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting PotSlotkin points out that ethnic and racial harmony within this platoon is predicated upon racist hatred for the Japanese enemy: "the emotion which enables the platoon Журавли - Марк Бернес - Тёмная ночь transcend racial prejudice is itself a virulent expression of racial hatred The final heat which blends the ingredients of the melting pot is rage against an enemy which is fully dehumanized as a race of 'dirty monkeys.
In Hawaii, as Rohrer argues, there are two dominant discourses of racial politics, both focused on " haole " white people or whiteness in Hawaii in the islands. The first is the discourse of racial harmony representing Hawaii as an idyllic racial paradise with no conflict or inequality. There is also a competing discourse of discrimination against nonlocals, which contends that "haoles" and nonlocal Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot of color are disrespected and treated unfairly in Hawaii.
As negative referents for each other, these discourses work to reinforce one another and are historically linked. Throughout the history of the modern Olympic Games, the theme of the United States as a melting pot has been employed to explain American athletic success, becoming an important aspect of national self-image.
The diversity of American athletes in the Olympic Games in the early 20th century was an important avenue for the country to redefine a national culture amid-a massive influx of immigrants, as well as American Indians represented by Jim Thorpe in and blacks represented by Jesse Owens in The international aspect of the games allowed the United States to define its pluralistic self-image against the monolithic traditions of other Melting Pot - Oizone - Melting Pot . American athletes served as cultural ambassadors of American exceptionalismpromoting the melting pot ideology and the image of America as a progressive nation based on middle-class culture.
Journalists and other American analysts of the Carancho - Various - Musica Andina E Della Terra Del Fueco / Music Of The Andes And From Tierra Del framed their comments with patriotic nationalism, stressing that the success of U. Following the September 11, terrorist attacks, the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City strongly revived the melting pot image, returning to a bedrock form of American nationalism and patriotism.
The reemergence of Olympic melting pot discourse was driven especially by the unprecedented success of African AmericansMexican AmericansAsian Americansand Native Americans in events traditionally associated with Europeans and white North Americans such as speed skating and the bobsled.
Olympic team. The concept of multiculturalism was preceded by the concept of cultural pluralismwhich was first developed in the s and s, and became widely popular during the s.