Halftime shows are a tradition during American football games at all levels of competition. Entertainment during the Super Bowlthe annual championship game of the National Football League NFLrepresents a fundamental link to pop culturewhich helps broaden the television audience and nationwide interest. Prior to the early s, the halftime show was based around a theme, and featured university marching bands the Grambling State University Marching Band has performed at the most Super Bowl halftime shows, featuring in six shows including at least one per decade from the s to the sdrill teamsand other performance ensembles such as Up with People.
Beginning inthe halftime show began to feature pop music acts such as New Kids on the Block and Gloria Freedom - Dirty Heads* - Dessert (File). After Super Bowl XXXVIIIwhose halftime show featured an incident where Justin Timberlake exposed one of Janet Jackson 's breasts, the halftime show began to feature classic rock acts until the return of headlining pop musicians in During most of the Super Bring Me A Rose - Jenn Grant - Compostela first decade, the halftime show featured a college marching band.
The show's second decade featured a more varied show, often featuring drill teams and other performance ensembles; the group Up with People produced and starred in four of the performances. The middle of the third decade, in an effort to counter other networks' efforts to counterprogram the game saw the introduction of popular music acts such as New Kids on the BlockGloria EstefanMichael JacksonClint BlackPatti LaBelleand Tony Bennett. Starting with Super Bowl XXXII, commercial sponsors presented the halftime show; within five years, the tradition of having a theme—begun with Super Bowl III—ended, replaced by major music productions by arena rock bands and other high-profile acts.
In the six years immediately following an incident at Super Bowl XXXVIII where Justin Timberlake exposed one of Janet Jackson 's breasts in an alleged " wardrobe malfunction ", all of the halftime shows consisted of a performance by one artist or group, with the musicians in that era primarily being rock artists from the s, s and s. These shows were considered "family friendly" and the time in which they took place has been described as "the age of reactionary halftime shows.
The NFL does not pay the halftime show performers an appearance fee, though it covers all expenses for the performers and their entourage of band members management, technical crew, security personnel, family, and friends.
While these reports were denied by an NFL spokeswoman, the request had, according to the Journalreceived a "chilly" response from those involved. The following is a list of the performers, producers, themes, and sponsors for each Super Bowl game's show.
Bono ended the song by opening up his jacket, the inside of which displayed the American flag. For The Rolling Stonesthe stage was in the form of the group's iconic tongue logo John Pasche 's "Cunning Linguist" first used in on their Sticky Fingers album.
It was the largest stage ever assembled for a Super Bowl halftime show, with 28 separate pieces assembled in five minutes by a member volunteer stage crew. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article.
Main article: Super Bowl 50 halftime show. Main article: Super Bowl LI halftime show. American football portal. Retrieved February 6, The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, Drug education, immunizations and mentor services will be provided". Los Angeles Times. Roxy Music - Flesh + Blood 26 January Retrieved February 1, The Seattle Times. Retrieved The Arizona Republic. January 26, Retrieved January 27, Rolling Stone.
Retrieved August 19, The Wall Street Journal. August 19, Retrieved August 20, National Football League. Retrieved December 12, Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on December 27, History of Tiger Marching Band. Grambling State University. Archived from the original on July 14, Southeast Missouri State University.
Retrieved January 25, — via YouTube. Archived from the original on February 17, Retrieved 28 January February 2, The Washington Post. Retrieved September 29, September 15, Retrieved September 25, Archived from the original on February 22, Associated Press.
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The show drew over 22 million viewers away from the Super Bowl telecast. Jackson " Billie Jean " M. Jackson " Black or White " M. Jackson Notes : This halftime performance increased the TV ratings by a significant amount. It has been claimed to be one of the most watched events in American television history. Afterthe NFL made Unknown Artist - Performers Choice: Best Of Shania Twain deliberate effort to attract top performers for the halftime shows. Blige, Nelly.
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