Great accomplishments have been made in folk dance research since the s, when the Hungarian Academy of Sciences established a special group of professionals in order to collect and categorize the Hungarian national dance heritage. InDr. In quantity, this recorded treasure seems to surpass that of Past Friendships - D.B.S.
- Some Boys Got It, Most Men Dont (File) Eastern European countries. Even though the categorization of this material has been completed, the next important phase will have to be comparative studies in order to trace the evolution and ethnocultural influences of Eastern European folk dance.
Yet most could easily be classified into the same categorical system that was developed by Dr. George Martin. Let us review all the important sub-groups and we will offer examples for closer identification of each item.
This systematic grouping observes the importance of chronological development in the dance culture of Hungarians in Europe. This latter characteristic is not found in the more highly developed, and as a rule instrumentally accompanied, chain dances of the Balkans. Weapon dances or war-like dances may be found in every ethnic culture. It was used to display virtuosity at victory feasts and wakes, and at jollifications at court.
The musical accompaniment to the herdsmen's dances were bagpipes, shawms, fiddles, and drums. This dance form is closely related to the above-discussed herdsmen's dances; however unlike the former type, they are still one Monolith - Swayzak - Groovetechnology v1.3 the most popular dances of the Hungarian peasants and they may be found in almost all geographic areas.
They may be characterized as jumping, running, heel clicking dances and their musical accompaniment is instrumental, ranging from bagpipe and zither to full Gypsy bands. Southern, Western, and Northwestern areas of Transdanubia. Several recreational dances were introduced that may be classified here: Cinege A. These dances are "surviving remnants" 2 of the late medieval and renaissance Western European couple dances.
As the music increases in tempo, other dances become evident. When the Habsburg, Austro-Hungarian armies were established Professional dancers, neatly dressed and well trained in the art of recruiting, went around the countryside to sell poor peasants on the advantages of army life. This method seemed to be effective in obtaining volunteers.
The dance itself is improvised and specific variances are found in different geographic locations. The verbunk dances are well known by recreational folk dancers in the United States.
Magyar from the Southern part of the country. There are numerous variations to this dance. Each one is characteristic to the locality in which it is found.
There are many recreational forms of this dance known in America today. The above discussed six groups could be used to categorize and identify every existing Hungarian recreational folk dance in America.
Therefore, we may conclude the following point: a respectable and knowledgeable expert of Hungarian dance cannot create choreographies only for the sake of dancing and dancers. He must present material which is honest and representative of Hungary's folklore and which bears all the marks of hundreds of years of heritage. The other method that Dr. Martin uses to define Hungarian folk dances is by dialectical differences. The reason for the regional variations is Szatmari Csardas - Various - Hungarian Folk Dances II.
uneven development of each dance style discussed above, due to various geographies and cultural factors. There are three major dialects for Hungarian folk dance which are noted. Eastern of Transylvanian Szatmari Csardas - Various - Hungarian Folk Dances II.
dialects. The American recreational folk dancer is sometimes at a loss in pinpointing the character of recreational Hungarian Szatmari Csardas - Various - Hungarian Folk Dances II. dances because of the great variations, and even the most interested and devoted individuals sometimes feel confused.
Hopefully, this review clarifies a few questions and will serve as a guide to categorizing Hungarian folk dances taught in this country. Hungarian folk dance research is not complete, additional studies are being conducted and new revelations will be forthcoming. However, it is certain that Dr. Martin's system of categorizing types and dialects will be the basis for future publications.
Hungarian Folk Dances by Dr. Martin, Corvina Press, Private communications with Mr. Used with permission of the author. Beliajus, Editor.
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