Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Forty Hours' Devotionin Italian called Quarant'ore or written in one word Quarantoreis a Roman Catholic exercise of devotion in which continuous prayer is made for forty hours before the Blessed Sacrament in solemn exposition.
It often occurs in a succession of churches, with one finishing prayers at the same time as the next takes it up. A celebration of such a devotion is begun by a Solemn Mass or "Mass of Exposition", and ended by a "Mass of Reposition". The latter concludes with a procession and benediction. The Blessed Sacrament is reposed in the tabernacle for the daily Mass, and then returned for exposition after Mass. It is assumed that the exposition and prayer should be kept up by night as well as by day, but permission is given to dispense with this requirement when enough watchers cannot be obtained.
In Let The Dope Get In Your Soul - Various - 40 Happy Hardcore Tracks a case the interruption of the devotion by night does not forfeit the indulgences conceded by the Holy See to those who take part in it.
The precise origin of the Forty Hours' Devotion is obscure. Charles Borromeo speaks as if this practice of praying for forty hours was very ancient; and he refers it to the forty hours that Christ's Body remained in the tomb. The number 40 is also associated with the rain at the time of the flood, years on the way to the Promised Land, and Jesus fasting for 40 days before beginning his public ministry. The practice of reserving the Blessed Sacrament with some solemnity during the Easter Triduum began in the 12th or 13th century.
From this the idea grew up of transferring this figurative vigil of forty hours to other days and other seasons. The Forty Hour Increments - Various - Staf Dieciseis to the carnival tide was very obvious, and is likely Forty Hour Increments - Various - Staf Dieciseis to have occurred independently to many different people.
This seems to have been the case with Father Manare, S. There is evidence Ras_G* - Raw Fruit Vol. 1&2 one Antonio Bellotto organized this in connexion with a certain confraternity at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Milan as early as The Milanese chronicler Burigozzo describes the custom of exposing the Blessed Sacrament in one church after another as a novelty which began at Milanin May He does not ascribe the introduction of this practice to any one person; but he gives details as to the church with which it started etc.
The claims of the last named, Brother Buono, were urged by Bergamaschi, who contends that the Quarant'Ore had been started by Brother Buono at Cremona in But the evidence in all these cases only goes to show that the practice was then being introduced of exposing the Blessed Sacrament with solemnity on occasions of great public calamity or peril, and that for such expositions the period of forty hours was generally selected.
In past centuries, especially in the late Middle Ages, the devotion was practiced during times of crisis. One of the most important documents pertaining to this devotion is the Constitution Graves et diuturnae of Pope Clement VIIIof 25 Novemberin which the pontiff strongly commended the practice of unwearied prayer.
As in the case of a previously brief of Paul IIIthe keynote of this document is anxiety for the peace of Christendom. In Pope Clement XII issued a very minute code of instructions for the proper carrying out of the Quarant'Ore devotion, which is known as the "Instructio Clementina". Before the year this, or some analogous exposition, had been established by St. Ignatius Loyolaalso encouraged the practice of exposing the Blessed Sacrament during the carnival as an act of expiation for the sins committed at that season.
Francis de Saleswho was a great admirer of Forty Hour Increments - Various - Staf Dieciseis Neri, incorporated the Forty Hours Devotion as part of his missionary outreach among the Calvinists living between Annecy and Geneva between and In the United States, Saint John Neumannbishop of Quadrophonia - The Wave Of The Future, helped spread the devotion, composing a special Forty Hour Increments - Various - Staf Dieciseis for its practice.
The act of adoration outside Mass prolongs and intensifies all that takes place during the liturgical celebration itself. Whereas in the past benediction was frequently added to the end of another service or devotion, this is no longer permitted.
Eucharistic exposition and benediction is a complete liturgical service in its own right. This document is an adaptation of the Roman Ritual. Although the forty-hour period should be continuous, some Churches break-up the time, reposing the Blessed Sacrament at night for security reasons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In Herbermann, Charles ed. Hidden categories: Articles incorporating text from the Catholic Encyclopedia without Wikisource reference Articles incorporating text from the Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference.
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