The United States in the s experienced marked economic growth — with an increase in manufacturing and home construction amongst a post—World War II economic expansion. The Cold War and its associated conflicts helped create a politically conservative climate in the country, as the quasi-confrontation intensified throughout the entire decade.
Fear of communism caused public Congressional hearings in both houses of Congress while anti-communism was the prevailing sentiment in the United States throughout the period. Conformity and conservatism characterized the social norms of the time.
Accordingly, the s in the United States are generally considered both socially conservative and highly materialistic in nature. The s are noted in United States history as a time of compliance, conformity and also, to a lesser extent, of rebellion. Major U. Eisenhower as President and his subsequent re-election in ; the Red Scare and anti-communist concerns of the McCarthy -era; and the U. The Cold War — was the continuing state of political conflict, military tension, and economic competition between the Soviet Union and its satellite statesand the powers of the Western world, led by the United States.
Although the primary participants' military forces never officially clashed directly, they expressed the conflict through military coalitions, strategic conventional force deployments, a nuclear arms raceespionage, proxy warspropaganda, and technological competition, e.
A monument for the veterans of the war was not created until the s. While originally a civil war, it quickly escalated into a proxy war between the capitalist powers of the United States Man Oh Man (What Have I Done) - Various - Eccentric Soul: Omnibus, Vol.
1 its allies and the communist powers of the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. He then pushed north, capturing Pyongyang in October. But the Chinese intervened the following month, driving the UN forces south again. MacArthur then planned for a full-scale invasion of China, but this was against the wishes of President Harry S. Truman and others who wanted a limited war.
He was dismissed and replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway. The war then became Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics bloody stalemate for the next two and a Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics years while ceasefire negotiations dragged on.
The Suez Crisis was a war fought over control of the Suez Canal. It followed the unexpected nationalization of the Suez Canal in by Gamal Abdel Nasserin which the Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics Kingdom, France and Israel invaded to take control of the canal.
The U. The operation was a military success, but the canal was blocked for Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics to come. Eisenhower demanded the invaders withdraw, and they did.
This action was a Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics humiliation for Britain and France, two Western European countries, and symbolizes the beginning of the end of colonialism and the weakening of European global importance, specifically the collapse of the British Empire.
The United States then became much more deeply involved in Mideastern politics, and remains so into the 21st century. The overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by Fidel CastroChe Guevara and other forces in resulted in the creation of the first communist government in the western hemisphere.
There was a large-scale expansion of the middle class in the s. Unions were strong, comprising almost half the American work force. Politics Nazis In My Neighborhood - Various - Local Anesthetic to be moderate, with extremist positions being out of favor.
The need to always have more and better If Youre Ready - Various - 20 Favorite Hits The Eighties Disc Two emerged rapidly in the West during the s. Consumerism became a key component of Western society. People bought big houses in the new suburbs and bought new time-saving household appliances.
This buying trend was influenced by many American cultural and economic aspects such as advertising; television; cars; new offerings from banks loans and credit ; immediately being able to have what one wanted; and achieving a perceived better life. The US federal government authorized the Interstate Highway Act in Juneand construction had begun by the fall of that same year. The originally planned set of highways took decades to complete. The Kefauver hearings about country-wide organized crime and corruption, were held between and It was the first committee made up of senators from around the country organized to not only gain a better understanding of how to fight organized crime, but also to expose organized crime for the conglomerate empire that it was.
McCarthyism of the early s, which included the speeches, investigations, and congressional hearings of Senator Joseph McCarthy ; the Hollywood blacklistassociated with hearings conducted by the House Un-American Activities Committee ; and the various anti-communist activities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI under Director J. Edgar Hoover. McCarthyism became a widespread social and cultural phenomenon that affected all levels of society and was the source of a great deal of debate and conflict in the United States.
Investigating private citizens for alleged communist affiliations in government, private-industry and in the media produced widespread fear and destroyed the lives of many innocent American citizens. Using innuendo and intense interrogation methods, the " witch-hunt " produced blacklists in several industries; this included notable citizens in Hollywood's Motion Picture industry who were persecuted, with certain directors, actors and screenwriters being prohibited from further employment.
In the course of the anti-communist investigations in the early s Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union, and they were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
On June 19,they were both executed. Their execution was the first of civilians, for espionage, in United States history. The Cold War-era seemed to encourage witch hunts, and comics found themselves blamed for the alarming increase in juvenile delinquency and other social ills.
InAmerican children across the country piled their comic book collections in schoolyards, and, encouraged by parents, teachers, and clergymen, set them ablaze. In the same year, the media began attacking comic books. John Mason Brown of the Saturday Review of Literature described comics as the "marijuana of the nursery; the bane of the bassinet; Today - David Gilmour - Images Framed: Live in Oberhausen 2015 horror of the house; the curse of kids, and a threat to the future.
Fredric Wertham's book Seduction of the Innocent rallied opposition to violence, gore, and sex in comics, arguing that it was harmful to the children who made up a large segment of the comic book audience. The Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency hearings in April and Junefocused specifically on graphic crime and horror comic books. When publisher William Gaines contended that he sold only comic books of good taste, one of Gaines' comics cover was entered into evidence which showed an axe-wielding man holding aloft a severed woman's head.
When asked if he considered the cover in "good taste", Gaines replied: "Yes, I do -- for the cover of Dinah - Bing Crosby - Live At The London Palladium horror comic.
Because of the unfavorable press coverage resulting from the hearings, the comic book industry adopted the Comics Code Authority CCAa self-regulatory ratings code that is still used by some publishers today in a modified form. In the immediate aftermath of the hearings, several publishers were forced to revamp their schedules and drastically censor or even cancel many popular long-standing comic series. The civil rights movement began in earnest, with the landmark Supreme Court ruling of Brown vs.
In Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics early s the Brown v. Board of Education ruling by the Supreme Court of the United States opened the door to the beginnings of the right for all Americans to an equal and fair education regardless of race, creed or religion.
During this time, racial segregation was still present in the U. The Civil Rights Movement of the s would soon begin. Key figures like Martin Luther King, Jr. Inthe Little Rock Nine integrated the Central High Schoolwhich was a key event in the fight to end segregation in schools and other public places in the U. These developments among others would be key talking points in the advancement of equal rights across the world over the years to come. Abstract expressionism, the first specifically American art movement to gain worldwide influence, was responsible for putting New York City in the centre on the artistic world, a place previously owned by Paris, France.
This movement acquired its name for combining the German expressionism 's emotional intensity with the anti-figurative aesthetic of the European abstract schools such as FuturismBauhaus and Synthetic Cubism. Jackson Pollock was one of the most influential painters of this movement, creating famous works such as No. Color Field painting and Hard-edge painting followed close on the heels of Abstract expressionism, and became the idiom for new abstraction in painting during the late s.
The term second generation was applied to many abstract artists who were related to but following different directions than the early abstract expressionists.
Bay Area Figurative Movement was an important return to figuration and a reaction against abstract expressionism by artists living and working on the West Coast in and around San Francisco during the mids. The strong sexual taboos of mass culture were also reflected in literaturewith the institutionally Mindboggler - Raja Ram - The Anthology modernist tradition, and most writers feeling compelled to self-censor themselves.
For this, the Beat movement was met with a series of censorships and law enforcement excesses. One of the most influential and most highly critically acclaimed of the many books about the era is The Fifties by journalist and author David Halberstam. Beatniks and the Beat Generationan anti-materialistic literary movement whose name was invented by Jack Kerouac in and stretched on into the early-mids, was at its zenith in the s.
This decade is also marked by some of the most famous works of science fiction by science fiction writers Isaac AsimovArthur C.
Though it was not published untilJohn Updike 's Rabbit, Run was written during and exemplifies the culture of the s. The novel Revolutionary Road by Richard Yatespublished inis concerned with mids life and culture.
Sylvia Plath 's " The Bell Jar ", though not published untilfeatures a woman's struggle living in s American culture.
Agatha Christie was also Pebbles - Goodnight Ma (Dont Turn The Light On) a stage where she published at an average rate of one book every year. The s were a time of fashion evolution. At the beginning of the decade, fitted blouses and jackets with rounded as opposed to puffy shoulders and small, round collars were very popular.
Thick, heavy Late Flowering Lust - The Hollow Men - Late Flowering Lust were popular for low shoes. Socks were sometimes worn, but were not as necessary as they are now. Circle skirts like the classic poodle skirt were very popular. They were often hand decorated with various patterns or beads to make them unique  and worn over petticoats.
As the s progressed, so too did fashion, until, by the end of the s, the Jackie Kennedy look was in style. A-lines and loose-fitting dresses became more and more popular, and jackets took on a boxy look.
Flower-pot shaped hats overtook the small ones of earlier in the decade, and large hairstyles, such as that of Liz Taylorwere in. Elvis Presley was the musical superstar of the period with rock, rockabilly, gospel, and romantic ballads being his signatures. Doo-wop was another popular genre at the time.
The Kingston Trio was instrumental in launching the folk music revival of the s and s. Musicals were an important and popular component to the American theater scene in the s. During the s several Rodgers Im In The Mood - Various - Living The Blues 1950-1952 Blues Classics Hammerstein musical shows were popular on Broadway in Manhattan, notably CarouselOklahoma!
Elizabeth Taylor in Father of the Bride Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell putting signatures, hand and foot prints in wet concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater Montgomery Clift in I Confess James Dean as Cal in East of Eden Charlton Heston in The Ten Commandments With television's growing popularity, there was a decline in movie revenues. Hollywood was thus prompted to seek ways to draw audiences back to the theaters.
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